Unfair or Anti-Competitive Conduct
is meant by anti-competitive conduct?
Section 13(2) of the Fair Competition Act
prevents agreements between businesses that have or are likely to have the
effect of preventing, restricting or distorting competition in a market. This
includes agreements that:
- directly or indirectly fix
purchase or selling price or any other trading conditions
- limit or control production, markets,
investment or development
- provide for the artificial
divvying up of markets or sources of supply
- affect tenders to be submitted
in response to bids
- apply different conditions to
equivalent transactions with other parties engaged in the same trade
(competitors) hence, putting them at a competitive disadvantage
- make the conclusion of
contracts subject to parties other than the offering party accepting
supplementary obligations which have no connection with the subject of such
are the different types of anti-competitive conduct?
- Abuse of a dominant position – This is
when a dominant firm (one which has a sustained market share of 50% or more) uses
its position to block effective competition in the market.
- Resale Price Maintenance – This is when
a supplier takes action to try to prevent an independent dealer from reselling
goods below a price specified by the supplier.
- Cartels, Bid-Rigging, Conspiracies and Boycotts- These offences occur when otherwise competing companies conspire to
agreements that are designed to reduce competition and artificially boost
profits at the expense of consumers and the economy.
- Interlocking Directorships – This occurs
when a person serves as a director on the board of two or more companies that
are significant competitors. This may have the effect of binding together the
companies’ policies in such a way as to reduce competition between them.